Have you ever found yourself daydreaming about a different reality, a world where your wishes could magically come true? We all have, at some point, harbored desires and dreams that seem out of reach. That’s where the power of “wish clauses” comes into play.
A “wish clause” is a grammatical structure used in English to express desires, regrets, or unreal situations. It is typically used to talk about situations that are not true in the present or past but are desired or imagined. Wish clauses often use the word “wish” and can be used in various tenses to convey different meanings.
“Wish + to infinitive”
“Wish + to infinitive” is a grammatical structure used to express desires, hopes, or wishes for the future. In this construction, “wish” is followed by “to” and the base form of the verb (infinitive), and it is used when you want to express a desire for something that is not currently true, and it is more formal.
Here are a few examples of “wish + to infinitive” sentences:
1.I wish to travel the world someday. (Desire to travel in the future.)
2.She wishes to become a famous author. (Hope of becoming famous in the future.)
3.They wish to start a family in the coming year. (Desire to begin a family in the future.)
4.He wishes to find a better job. (Desire for a better job in the future.)
5.She wishes to develop her artistic talents. (Desire to nurture her artistic abilities in the future.)
6.They wish to complete their college education. (Desire to finish their higher education in the future.)
7.He wishes to establish a charitable foundation. (Desire to create a philanthropic organization in the future.)
8.I wish to find the perfect life partner. (Desire to meet an ideal life partner in the future.)
9.She wishes to become a skilled pianist. (Hope of achieving proficiency in playing the piano in the future.)
10.We wish to start our own business someday. (Hope of launching a business venture in the future.)
This structure is particularly useful for expressing future aspirations and goals. It is important to note that “wish + to infinitive” is used for expressing wishes that are still possible or realistic in the future, whereas “wish + past simple” is used for wishes or regrets about the present or past.
“Wish + indirect object + direct object”
We use “wish” with two objects, an indirect object + a direct object, for expressions of good wishes and hopes that good things will happen to people. In this construction, “wish” is followed by an indirect object, typically a person, and a direct object, which represents the action or situation the speaker wishes for that person.
Here are some examples:
1.She wished her brother good luck in his exam. (She hopes for her brother to have good luck in his exam.)
2.I wish you a safe journey. (I desire that you have a safe journey.)
3.They wished their friend a happy birthday. (They expressed their hopes for their friend to have a happy birthday.)
4.He wished his team success in the competition. (He hopes for his team to achieve success in the competition.)
5.She wished her colleague a speedy recovery from illness. (She expressed her hope for her colleague to recover quickly from the illness.)
6.I wish you a wonderful holiday with your family. (I desire that you have a fantastic holiday with your family.)
7.They wished their neighbor a peaceful retirement. (They expressed their hopes for their neighbor to enjoy a peaceful retirement.)
8.He wished his cousin happiness in his new job. (He hopes for his cousin to find happiness in his new job.)
9.She wished her sister success in her upcoming job interview. (She expressed her hope for her sister to succeed in the job interview.)
10.I wish you all the best in your future endeavors. (I desire that you achieve the best possible outcomes in your future pursuits.)
In these examples, the indirect object represents the person for whom the wish or desire is being expressed, while the direct object represents the specific thing the speaker wishes for that person. This structure is commonly used to convey good wishes, hopes, and blessings to others.
“Wish + that-clause”
We use “wish” with a that-clause when we regret or are sorry that things are not different. We imagine a different past or present. In this structure, “wish” is followed by the word “that” and a subordinate clause that typically uses a verb tense different from the one that represents reality.
Here are some examples:
1.I wish that I were taller. (In reality, I’m not tall, but I desire to be taller.)
2.She wishes that she could speak Spanish fluently. (She doesn’t speak Spanish fluently, but she desires to.)
3.They wish that it would stop raining. (It is currently raining, and they want it to stop.)
4.He wishes that he had studied harder for the exam. (He didn’t study hard enough, and he regrets it.)
5.I wish that I could travel the world someday. (Desire to travel the world in the future, expressing a hypothetical situation.)
6.She wishes that her brother would find a good job. (Desire for her brother to secure a good job, expressing a hypothetical future outcome.)
7.They wish that it would stop raining so they can have a picnic. (Desire for the rain to cease, expressing a hypothetical situation.)
8.He wishes that he had more time to study for the exam. (Desire for more time to study, expressing a regret about the past.)
9.We wish that they were here with us on this special occasion. (Desire for their presence, expressing a hypothetical situation.)
10.She wishes that her parents would support her decision to study abroad. (Desire for parental support, expressing a hypothetical future reaction.)
In these examples, “wish + that-clause” is used to express a desire for a different reality, a change in circumstances, or a regret about a past situation. The verb tense used in the “that-clause” can vary depending on the context, such as using the past simple tense to express regret or an unreal situation or using the past subjunctive (often indicated by “were” instead of “was”) to express desires.
In informal situations, we usually omit “that”:
“I wish I had his mobile phone number; we could tell him the good news.”
Wish + verb forms in the that-clause
The verb forms used in that-clauses after “wish” mirror the verb forms in conditional clauses following “if”. In both cases, a past verb form is employed to convey present and future meanings. When using “wish”, we express desires and regrets by using past verb forms to describe situations that are different from the current or expected reality.
Wish + past simple: This is used to express regrets or desires for a different past reality.
Example: “I wish I had studied more for the test.” (Regret for not studying more in the past.)
Example: “I wish I had invested in that company years ago.” (Regret for not investing in the company in the past, suggesting it would have been a wise decision.)
Wish + past perfect: This is used to express a regret about a past action that didn’t happen.
Example: “She wishes she had gone to the party last night.” (Regret for not going to the party last night.)
Example:”He wishes he had taken the job offer when it was first presented.” (Regret for not accepting the job offer when it was initially offered.)
Wish + were + base form: This is used to express a theoretical or unreal situation, often associated with the first-person singular “I.”
Example: “I wish I were taller.” (Theoretical desire to be taller, even if it’s not true in reality.)
Example: “I wish I were a better singer.” (Theoretical desire to be a better singer, even if it’s not true in reality.)
Wish + present simple: This is used to express a desire for a change in a current or future situation.
Example: “I wish she lives a long and happy life.” (Desire for a long and happy life in the future.)
Example: “I wish they have a successful and prosperous business.” (Desire for a successful and prosperous business in the future.)
Wish + would
“Wish + would” is a grammatical structure used to express a desire for someone else to do something in the future. It’s often used when you want to politely request or suggest that someone does something. This structure is commonly used for expressing wishes or desires related to the actions of other people.
Here are some examples:
1.”I wish you would call me more often.” (Expresses a desire for the person to call more frequently.)
2.”She wishes her boss would give her more responsibilities.” (Expresses a desire for the boss to assign more tasks or responsibilities.)
3.”We wish they would join us for dinner tonight.” (Expresses a desire for them to accept the invitation to dinner.)
4.”He wishes his friend would stop smoking.” (Expresses a desire for the friend to quit smoking.)
5.”I wish you would come to my party next weekend.” (Expresses a desire for the person to attend the party.)
6.”She wishes her partner would help with household chores.” (Expresses a desire for her partner to contribute more to household tasks.)
7.”They wish their children would do better in school.” (Expresses a desire for their children to perform better academically.)
8.”He wishes his neighbor would turn down the volume on the music.” (Expresses a desire for the neighbor to reduce the volume of the music.)
9.”I wish she would be more punctual to our meetings.” (Expresses a desire for her to arrive on time for meetings.)
10.”She wishes her colleague would stop interrupting her during presentations.” (Expresses a desire for her colleague to refrain from interrupting.)
In these examples, “wish + would” is used to politely convey a wish or desire for someone to perform a specific action in the future. It’s a way to make a request or express hope regarding another person’s behavior.
“If only” is another grammatical structure used to express wishes or regrets in English. It’s similar to “wish” but has a slightly different usage. “If only” is typically followed by a past verb form and is often used to express strong wishes, regrets, or desires for a different past or present reality.
1.”If only I had studied harder for the exam.” (Expresses a strong regret about not studying harder in the past.)
2.”If only we could go on that vacation together.” (Expresses a strong desire to go on a vacation together, which is not currently possible.)
3.”If only it would stop raining.” (Expresses a strong wish for the rain to stop, indicating dissatisfaction with the current weather.)
4.”If only he hadn’t said those hurtful words.” (Expresses a strong regret about something said in the past.)
5.”If only I were rich.” (Expresses a strong desire to be wealthy, even though it’s not true in reality.)
6.”If only the weather were warmer, we could have a picnic.” (Expresses a desire for different current weather conditions.)
7.”If only I were a better singer, I could perform on stage.” (Expresses a desire for a different present skill or ability.)
8.”If only I had invested in that company a year ago.” (Expresses a strong regret about not investing in the company in the past.)
9.”If only we could find a bigger house for our growing family.” (Expresses a strong desire to find a larger home, which is not currently possible.)
10.”If only the traffic would clear up so we could make it to the event on time.” (Expresses a strong wish for the traffic to improve, indicating frustration with the current situation.)
In these examples, “if only” is used to express a more intense or emotional wish or regret, often related to past actions or current situations. It’s a way to convey a deep longing for a different state of affairs.
Frequently Asked Questions About Wish Clause
What is a wish clause?
A wish clause is a type of conditional sentence used to express wishes or regrets about situations that are not currently true or are unlikely to happen.
What is the structure of a wish clause?
The basic structure of a wish clause typically consists of the word “wish” followed by the subject and a past tense verb. For example: “I wish I were there.”
What is the difference between wish clauses and if clauses?
Wish clauses express desires and regrets about the present or past, while if clauses (conditional clauses) express hypothetical or conditional situations. For example, “I wish I were rich” (wish clause) vs. “If I were rich, I would travel” (if clause).
When do you use “were” instead of “was” in wish clauses?
In formal English, “were” is often used instead of “was” with all subjects (I, he, she, it, we, they) to express hypothetical or unreal situations. For example, “I wish he were here.”
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